Blog: Artificial Intelligence
AI is a trending buzzword in the business world and has a bit of mysticism associated with it due to the different contexts where it is being mentioned. Let us try to understand it in a little bit more detail
Intelligence is the mental ability to reason, solve problems and learn. This is a cognitive function associated with the Brain. Artificial intelligence is the field of study that focuses on building machines that can mimic human intelligence
3 levels of artificial intelligence are
1) Artificial Narrow Intelligence (ANI) — AI that specializes in one area. Google AlphaGo that beat Lee Sedol in 2016 is an example
2) Artificial General Intelligence (AGI) — This is also known as human level AI which is proficient in multiple areas. We are yet to reach this stage of evolution
3) Artificial Super Intelligence (ASI) — AI thinker Nick Bostrom defines superintelligence as “an intellect that is much smarter than the best human brains in practically every field, including scientific creativity, general wisdom and social skills.”
In any evolution, the inflection points are the periods of significant change. There are 2 inflection points in the AI evolution journey (1) ANI to AGI and (2) AGI to ASI
AGI to ASI is commonly known as the Singularity point. Singularity refers to transformation from a finite predictable past to an infinite unpredictable future. Ray Kurzweil predicts that this would happen sometime in 2045. So, let us worry about that later since we got some time 😊.
The focus here is the first inflection point from Artificial Narrow Intelligence to Artificial General Intelligence. How is this being approached? Humans use the five basic senses (touch, sight, hearing, smell and taste) to perceive the world. Can we mimic this to create Artificial General Intelligence? Significant progress has been made on this front
The sense organs for an AGI would be as follows
Eyes — Cameras available in almost every device from desktops, laptops, tablets and smartphones
Ears — Always on microphones which have proliferated thanks to rapid adoption of smart speakers like Amazon Echo, Google Home, Apple HomePod
Skin — The shift from type to touch based interface on devices helps capture tactile response
Tongue — The sense of taste that extends beyond just food is captured to a great extent in the digital world (content consumption, past purchases, etc.) and in the physical world through loyalty and payment cards/wallets
Nose — As far as I know, the sense of smell is something which has not yet been mastered
If a company manages to find a way to pass on the sense of smell to the machine would that signify the transition to Artificial General Intelligence?
Well not so fast! There is a strong debate on whether our perception based intelligence is just a sum of the parts (in this case the 5 senses) or is there a Consciousness that acts as a master controller of these parts. The jury is still out on this one and I am keenly watching this space!
What does AI mean to you?
This article was inspired by a book and a blog
What’s the future and why it is up to us by Tim O’Reilly — https://www.goodreads.com/book/show/34017076-wtf
Wait but Why by Tim Urban — https://waitbutwhy.com/2015/01/artificial-intelligence-revolution-1.html
My perspective on Singularity is available here — https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/singularity-sankar-s-velayudan/
#AI #Intelligence #Perception #5 Senses