Blog: AI Can Be a Fair Judge
The government usually isn’t the place to look for innovation in IT, but what if ..?
Artificial Intelligence is increasingly being introduced into our lives. And now it is applied in the government of some countries, although this number is not big yet, but anyway it already says a lot. Of course, we need to start in small steps and gradually develop, and we should start using all of these with small economically developed countries where it is easiest to apply. For example, in some developed European countries Artificial Intelligence has already begun to apply, one of them is Estonia. Estonia has deployed AI or machine learning in 13 places where an algorithm has replaced government workers. But even after that, the percent rate of workers in the government of Estonia is more than the similar percent rate in the US.
Real AI using case
For example, one of the options for using Artificial Intelligence in the government, and a very good case that saved a lot of money for the state was used in Estonia. There are inspectors no longer check on farmers who receive government subsidies to cut their hay fields each summer. Satellite images taken by the European Space Agency each week from May to October are fed into a deep-learning algorithm. The images are overlaid onto a map of fields where farmers receive the hay-cutting subsidies to prevent them from turning forests over time. The algorithm assesses each pixel in the images, determining if the patch of the field has been cut or not. Two weeks before the mowing deadline, the automated system notifies farmers via text or email that includes a link to the satellite image of their field. The system saved €665,000 in its first year because inspectors made fewer site visits and focused on other enforcement actions.
Robots in court
Also, AI can be used to resolve simple disputes, where the parties can download all the documents, attach photos, evidence and Artificial Intelligence will decide on the basis of the data provided. In the beginning, it will be necessary for professional lawyers and lawyers to monitor the system and correct it if wrong decisions are made, but then the system can exist itself and can be used for more complex cases. With the help of these robots, the processing of court cases will be much faster, which will free most judges from the consideration of ordinary cases.
Such robots have already started to be created in Estonia and in some other European countries. Estonia’s effort isn’t the first to mix AI and the law, though it may be the first to give an algorithm decision-making authority. In the US, algorithms help recommend criminal sentences in some states. The UK-based DoNotPay AI-driven chatbot overturned more than 150,000 parking tickets in London and New York a few years ago. A Tallinn-based law firm provides free legal aid through a chatbot and generates simple legal documents to send to collection agencies.
Artificial intelligence is more and more used in our world and has even reached the judging. So technologies continue to make our lives easier, this time they facilitate the work of civil servants. And, of course, the technology will also bring to us honesty, at least it will become much more because the machine will not act in the interests of someone. So let’s observe how robots simplify our lives and add honesty to it, and of course, it’s better not to fall into these robots and violate the law and not do evil to people, yet to live peacefully much nicer.